Different sorts of lawyers focus on different aspects of the law. Some lawyers operate mostly outside of the courtroom, making contracts and wills, producing documents to conform with a process, negotiating deals, and providing legal advice to clients. Lawyers also present cases in court or litigate on behalf of their clients to safeguard their interests.
Given the various sorts of attorneys, the following is a guide to assist you in determining which attorney to contact if you find yourself in a legal bind. To ensure that you have a stronger chance of winning the case or getting the best deal possible from a legal conflict, you’ll need the assistance of a lawyer who is an expert on your unique case.
Lawyers that specialize in intellectual property (IP)
Copycats and replicas must be protected from any unique creative, scientific, or technical development that may benefit the general public. An intellectual property lawyer can help you secure copyright, patents, trademarks, and licensing agreements if you’ve created an art design, a unique product, a novel, a song, or a computer program.
IP lawyers spend a lot of their time advising clients on the commercial viability and marketing strategies of their inventions. They should be well-versed in both business and innovation trends.
If someone has infringed on the creator’s or inventor’s work, such as when branded items are faked and sold for a lesser price in the market, IP lawyers may be able to negotiate compensation on their behalf. There are many areas of intellectual property law, such as e-commerce, biotechnology, computer engineering, the internet, and medicines, hence IP lawyers have specialty. As a result, their work may require them to interact with a variety of agencies, including the United States Copyright Office, the Department of Commerce, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
2. Attorneys for Families
Divorce, legal separation, child custody, adoption, paternity, alimony, prenuptial or postnuptial agreements, and emancipation are among situations handled by these lawyers. However, family lawyers may be involved in matters involving reproductive rights, and their work may cross over into other areas of the law. For example, if a criminal investigation of child abuse or domestic violence is underway, or if a juvenile delinquency case is being investigated, a family lawyer may collaborate with a criminal lawyer.
3. Lawyers that specialize in estate planning
Though no one wants to think about dying, everyone has to face the fact that death is an unavoidable reality. When the time comes, estate planning lawyers can assist clients in carefully sorting out the assets and properties they want to leave to their children and loved ones.
An estate attorney can also assist clients in establishing a trust fund, which is especially beneficial for small beneficiaries. They might also draft paperwork that list and define their client’s final wishes, such as medical and funeral preparations.
4. Attorneys for Personal Injury
A personal injury lawyer is required in cases where a person accuses another person, firm, government institution, or organization of causing physical or psychological injuries. This attorney specializes in tort law, which involves civil legal liabilities and damages.
You’ll need a personal injury attorney if you’ve been hurt on the work or in a car accident, or if you’ve had food poisoning at a restaurant or used a defective product that caused you physical or mental harm. If your accident has caused you to lose income or has harmed your quality of life, a good personal injury lawyer can help you get the compensation and settlement you deserve.
5. Lawyers that specialize in medical malpractice
In circumstances where a doctor, lawyer, accountant, or government official is being sued for failing to perform their obligations, malpractice lawyers may be required. Because they are professions that adhere to a set of norms, they have more professional duties that could be contested in court or during litigation.
There is a distinct subset of attorneys that specialize in malpractice law, and there may not be many of them. However, it is sometimes necessary to hire a malpractice lawyer to guarantee that everything is done legally and that no one can be sued for malpractice.
6. Business Attorneys
Business lawyers, often known as corporate lawyers, are legal experts who specialize in the development, management, maintenance, transfer, and dissolution of businesses. Lawyers who practice in this area deal with business formation, employment contracts, tax compliance, acquisitions, and mergers.
In addition to resolving employment and business conflicts, business lawyers can also conduct negotiations with individuals or corporations. They may choose to only handle disputes involving huge corporations, or they may prefer to provide as legal counsel to small enterprises and startups.
7. Labor Attorneys
Labor lawyers are experts in dealing with illegal layoffs and workplace discrimination. They also negotiate severance money for their clients. These lawyers typically work with unions, but they are especially beneficial to non-unionized employees because they are the ones who do not have someone arguing for them.
8. Tax Attorneys
Taxes can be hard, but tax lawyers and accountants work together to make them as simple as possible for their customers, especially if they have a lot of assets. Consultation with a tax professional is recommended if you want to start a business or anticipate a taxable asset or estate after you pass away.
Tax lawyers can also assist firms and individuals with IRS disputes. This should ideally be a lawyer with experience in litigation and court proceedings. Anything you say to a tax lawyer is confidential, which is what distinguishes them from accountants.
9. Bankruptcy Attorneys
A consultation with a bankruptcy lawyer would be a good first step for persons struggling with their money, bills, and debts to acquire insight into how to rearrange their financial plan. In most circumstances, bankruptcy lawyers would try to keep their clients from filing for bankruptcy. They will assist their customers in negotiating settlements with creditors to lower their debts or to set up a good repayment plan. Even so, in the worst-case scenario, they will handle the filing of bankruptcy documents for their clients.
10. Lawyers who specialize on immigration
You’ll need the help of an immigration lawyer if you’re applying for citizenship in the United States. It’s difficult to navigate immigration laws, and there’s a lot of paperwork to fill out. You’ll postpone your chances of getting accepted if you miss one step, therefore an immigration attorney will be available to guide you through the procedure. They may also be able to assist you in avoiding deportation, which is something you’ll want to avoid if you want to preserve your green card.
11. Lawyers that specialize in real estate
Individuals and businesses looking to buy or sell a home can turn to real estate lawyers for help. They write documents with their customers and real estate agents to ensure that the paperwork is legally binding. They may also represent a property owner in a foreclosure dispute or negotiate for the buyer or seller.
During an eviction case, real estate lawyers may also negotiate in a dispute between the landlord and the tenants. Legal problems can be discussed with real estate attorneys specialized in land use and development for more major projects that may include the public or commercial builders and developers of high-rise facilities.
12. Lawyers who specialize in constitutional law.
If people with advocacies believe their rights have been violated, they can consult constitutional attorneys. Constitution attorneys are employed by non-profit groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to safeguard minority involved in court proceedings.
13. Lawyers that specialize in environmental law.
Given the increased interest in climate change and environmental protection, this field of knowledge is thriving. Environmental lawyers are professionals in the Environmental Protection Agency’s policies and recommendations (EPA). They represent individuals, groups, governments, and other entities as plaintiffs or defendants on both sides of the law when it comes to issues involving environmental harm or protection that may affect the public’s interest and welfare.
14. Lawyers who specialize in civil litigation
All of the topics of law already covered on this list could technically be classified as civil litigation cases. As a result, a civil litigation lawyer is considered a general practitioner. Their major responsibility, however, is to handle instances involving contract breaches. Contract disputes, while seemingly easy in comparison to other areas of law, can be a time-consuming procedure. As a result, hiring an excellent civil litigation attorney who can immediately notice the finer points of the case will pay off.
15. Lawyers for Criminal Defense
Last but not least, a criminal defense attorney is knowledgeable about all aspects of a criminal case. They assist their clients from the moment they are arrested, through the investigation, charge, arraignment, and sentencing process. If their clients choose to appeal their case, their work isn’t finished. A qualified criminal defense lawyer understands the intricacies of the law, allowing them to keep their clients out of prison.